We butchered our first pig on Monday. It was a monumental task, and we learned loads during the whole process. This is our attempt to document what we set out to achieve, how that went and what we learned from it, so we can remember for the next time as it will be a whole year before we have to do this again.
The first decision we had to make was how we wanted our pig butchered. British butchery seems to be about preserving major cuts of meat on the bone to make tasty roasting joints, hams and bacon. Bulgarian style butchery seems to be more about getting as much meat off the carcass as quickly as possible to turn into sausages, mince, and also jarring the meat, which is something we didn’t want to do. That said, as our butchery skills are as yet untested, we decided to go for Bulgarian style as it seemed simpler and probably quicker then English style.
We spent the week before the kill-day preparing our kitchen, gathering tools and equipment, and making a detailed plan of what we hoped to achieve each day. We planned for the whole process to take four days, during which time we would make some dishes and pork products, and freeze some joints for later processing; we didn’t want to commit huge quantities of our valuable meat to untried methods and recipes.
Timetable for butchering a whole pig
Our timetable went something like this;
- Prepare cures for bacon, large ham
- Prepare brine for large ham
- Prepare kitchen and outside butchery areas
- Kill pig, butcher and chill all parts
- Prepare head and boil for making brawn
- Make blood pudding. We couldn’t find any cream to make a traditional Yorkshire black pudding, so we went for a Bulgarian recipe for Kurvavitsa.
- Put ham in dry cure
- Put ham in wet cure
- Put 1 belly in bacon cure, freeze the other
- Clean all stored pieces
- Pick meat off head, pack and press for brawn
- Make faggots
- Prepare shoulder roast, freeze
- Prepare loin chops, freeze
- Prepare ribs and freeze
- Cut up remaining meat for mince
- Make sausages
- Make salami
- Make mince and sausages
- Render lard